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Terminologia Inglese


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Abilità Ability A personal characteristic that supports occupational performance.
Abilitazione Enablement The use of processes such as adaptation, advocacy, collaboration, coordination, education, and design in mutual reciprocal relationship with others to create opportunities, policies, legislation, and economic condition, while also prompting others to develop the personal factors to participate to their potential in the occupations that they need and want to do as citizens, to promote health, well-being and social inclusion irrespective of physical or mental impairment or environmental challenges. (Christiansen and Towsend, 2010, p. 418).
Abitudine Habit A performance pattern in daily life, acquired by frequent repetition, that does not requires attention and allows efficient function.
Alienazione Occupazionale Occupational Alienation A sense that one’s occupations are meaningless and unfulfilling tropically associated with feelings of powerlessness to alter the situation (Hagedorn, 2001, p. 166).
Ambiente Environment External physical, sociocultural and temporal factors that demand and shape occupational performance.
Aree della Performance Occupazionale Occupational Performance Area Categories of tasks, activities and occupations that are typically part of daily life. They are usually called self-care, productivity and leisure.
Attività Activity A structured series of actions or tasks that contribute to occupations.
Autonomia Autonomy The freedom to make choices based on consideration of internal and external circumstances and to act on those choices.
Capacità Skill Ability developed through practice which enables effective occupational performance.
Coinvolgimento Engagement A sense of involvement, choice, positive meaning and commitment while performing an occupation or activity.
Compito Task A series of structured steps (actions and/or thoughts) intended to accomplish a specific goal. This goal could either be: 1. The performance of an activity. 2. A piece of work the individual is expected to do.
Componenti della Performance Occupazionale Occupational Performance Components Abilities and skills that enable and affect engagement in tasks, activities and occupations. These can be categorized, for example, as physical, cognitive, psychosocial and affective.
Contesto Context The relationships between the environment, personal factors and events that influence the meaning of a task, activity or occupation for the performer.
Deprivazione Occupazionale Occupational Deprivation A state of prolonged preclusion from engagement in occupations of necessity or meaning due to factors outside the control of an individual, such as through geographic isolation, incarceration or disability. (Christiansen and Townsend, 2004, p. 278).
Dipendenza Dependence The condition of needing support in order to be able to perform everyday activities to a satisfactory level.
Emarginazione Occupazionale Occupational Apartheid The segregation of groups of people through the restrictions or denial of access to dignified and meaningful participation in occupational of daily life on the basic of race, colour, disability, national origin, age, gender, sexual preference, religion, political beliefs, status in society, or other characteristics. (Kronenberg and Pollard, 2005a, p. 67).
Equilibrio Occupazionale Occupational Balance Managing (occupation) in a way that is personally fulfilling (…) and meets role demands (…). Each person has an individual balance schema that suits his or her health (Reed and Sanderson, 1999, P. 99).
Funzione I Function I The underlying physical and psychological components that support occupational performance.
Funzione II Function II The capacity to use occupational performance components to carry out a task, activity or occupation.
Giustizia Occupazionale Occupational Justice A critical perspective of social structures that promotes social, political, and economic changes to enable people to meet their occupational potential and experience well-being (and full citizenship) (Crepeau, Cohn and Schell, 2003, P. 1031).
Indipendenza Independence The condition of being able to perform everyday activities to a satisfactory level.
Interdipendenza Interdependence The condition of mutual dependence and influence between members of a social group.
Motivazione Motivation A drive that directs a person's actions towards meeting needs.
Occupazione Occupation A group of activities that has personal and sociocultural meaning, is named within a culture and supports participation in society. Occupations can be categorised as self-care, productivity and/or leisure.
Partecipazione Participation Involvement in life situations through activity within a social context.
Performance di Occupazione / Attività / Compito Occupational / Activity / Task Performance Choosing, organising and carrying out occupations/activities/tasks in interaction with the environment.
Pratica centrata sul paziente Client centred practice This term has only recently been used in the occupational therapy literature; therefore there are not yet enough references from which to construct a consensus definition. Since the term indicates a new concept in occupational therapy, a definition has been selected from the literature pending future developments.
Routine Routine An established and predictable sequence of tasks.
Ruolo Role Social and cultural norms and expectations of occupational performance that are associated with the individual’s social and personal identity.
Scienza Occupazionale Occupational Science A basic science concerned with the study of occupation and human life, particularly related to health, well being and social participation (Crepeau, Cohn and Schell, 2009, P. 1163).
Squilibrio Occupazionale Occupational Imbalance Inability to manage occupations in a way that a personally fulfilling and meets role demands, leading to health and quality of life being compromised. (Christiansen and Townsend, 2004, p. 278; Reed and Sanderson, 1999, P. 99).
Valutazione Assessment A process of collecting, analysing and interpreting information about people's functions and environments, using observation, testing and measurement, in order to make intervention decisions and to monitor changes.
Valutazione Evaluation The process of obtaining, interpreting and appraising information (about occupational performance) in order to prioritize problems and needs, to plan and modify interventions and to judge the worth of interventions.
Volizione Volition The ability to choose to do or continue to do something, together with awareness that the performance of the occupation/activity/task is voluntary.